Teaching with Primary Sources – Ludlow Massacre


Photo: G. Donald Bain

Photo: G. Donald Bain

Teaching with Primary Sources series for Colorado teachers to focus on Ludlow Massacre

A professional development series for teachers of grades K-12 that focuses on the Ludlow Massacre. 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of the massacre, an attack on a tent colony of 1,200 striking miners in Ludlow, Colo. by the Colorado National Guard and camp guards that resulted in the deaths of dozens of people, including women and children.

“The Ludlow Massacre: Examining Labor Relations through Primary Sources” series will use newspapers and primary sources to examine the 1914 event from multiple points of view. The series is the result of a partnership between the Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources (TPS) program, MSU Denver, The Denver Post, History Colorado and the TPS Teachers Network

The series,  originally defined to be four experiences, also includes an introduction to Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Source as a self-directed study, so we like to say there are five “experiences” for participants:


Part 1, Self Directed Education on Library of Congress and Teaching with Primary Sources

  • http://www.loc.gov/teachers/professionaldevelopment/selfdirected/


Ludlow Google Hangout Experience #1 | Historian Hangout: Thomas Andrews

Ludlow Google Hangout Experience #1 | Historian Hangout: Thomas Andrews

  • Part 2, the Ludlow Google Hangout Experience

    With local experts—including MSU Denver Associate Professors Todd Laugen and Matthew Makley—speaking on related topics via real-time video that will be recorded and made available via YouTube.


Part 3, the Ludlow Classroom Experience

An in-person session at the History Colorado Center dedicated to discovering new strategies for teaching the Ludlow Massacre using primary sources. Lead by scholar, historian and author Thomas G. Andrews from the University of Colorado.


Dr. Thomas G. Andrews , Ludlow Scholar

Dr. Thomas G. Andrews , Ludlow Scholar


Classroom Resources

Ludlow Wiki

The Inquiry Process

Part 4, the Ludlow Field Experience

Ludlow Memorial Monument / Tent Colony Site

Ludlow Memorial Monument / Tent Colony Site

The Ludlow Field Experience takes participants to the Ludlow Tent Colony National Historic Landmark, the local Trinidad, Colorado cemetery and the El Pueblo Museum in Pueblo, Colorado taking a thematic tour through the story of the Ludlow Massacre and the .

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LouisTikas LouisTikas-Gravestone

Part 5, the Ludlow Social Media Experience

The Social Media experience will involve discussions via the TPS Teachers Network, a professional online discussion group that MSU Denver developed and is piloting, dedicated to teachers who want to incorporate primary sources into their classrooms.

Funded by a grant from the Library of Congress, the TPS program at MSU Denver promotes the use of primary sources in instruction by offering free professional development opportunities for K-12 educators (in-service and pre-service) across the country. MSU Denver coordinates the TPS Western Regional chapter, which includes Colorado and 14 western states.


Mobile Learning with Primary Sources and Story of Where

LudlowTentColony-0 LudlowTentColony-2 LudlowTentColony-1


Additional Resources


Teaching with Primary Sources Western Region


El Pueblo Museum – Children of Ludlow

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Colorado Newspapers in Education


Colorado Newspapers in Education

  • http://nieonline.com/coloradonie/ludlow_resources.cfm

PBS – American Experience

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/rockefellers-ludlow/

Library of Congress by Region

NCHE 2015 Presentation